German Language Useful Phrases For Essays

Planning your big trip to Germany is an exciting time!

Looking forward to going skiing in Salzburg this winter?

Just bought your mask for your Carnival trip to Cologne?

Already know which tents you’ll be visiting during Oktoberfest in Munich?

If you’re a savvy traveler, you’ve probably already started learning some German idioms, slang, and ways to say hello and goodbye. However,
if you want to be less vulnerable as a tourist, you’ll need to brush up on some useful German travel expressions.


Why You Should Learn German Travel Phrases

  • Even if you can’t have a fluent conversation, native German speakers always appreciate when foreigners put the effort into learning a bit of their language. It shows respect and demonstrates that you truly want to reach out and connect with people while abroad.
  • You won’t be totally reliant on your German phrasebook. Yes, your Lonely Planet German phrasebook has glossy pages and you love getting the chance to use it—but you want to be able to respond quickly when people speak to you, at a moment’s notice. After learning the German travel phrases below, you’ll only need your German phrasebook in a real pinch.
  • If you can express yourself in some basic German, you are less likely to be taken advantage of by taxi drivers, souvenir shops and waiters!
  • The perception that all German speakers speak English is simply not true. Even in big cities you’ll find loads of people that know very little English. You don’t want to have to track down other English speakers every time you have a question or want to make a friend.

If you want to have an edge during your upcoming travels, take a moment to memorize the following phrases. You won’t regret it!

Please note that many of these expressions are in the formal Sie conjugation. For your travel purposes, this form should be just fine.

134 Super Useful and Common German Travel Phrases and Vocabulary Words

Say Hello to My Little Friend: Basic Greetings, Introductions and Goodbyes

You have to start somewhere, right? Below are a few basic phrases and words to help you when you first meet someone. For a more comprehensive explanation of greetings and goodbyes, don’t forget to check out German Greetings: 22 Useful Ways to say Hi and Bye.


Guten Morgen!
Good Morning!

Guten Tag!
Good day!

Guten Abend!
Good Evening!

Ich heiße…
My name is…

Wie heißen Sie?
What is your name?

Wie geht’s?
How are you?

Mir geht’s gut.
I’m doing well.

Mir geht’s nicht gut.
I’m not doing well.

Ich komme aus…[den USA/Kanada/Australien/Großbritannien].
I am from…[the USA/Canada/Australia/UK].

Wie lange bleiben Sie in [Deutschland/Österreich/der Schweiz]?
How long are you staying in [Germany/Austria/Switzerland]?

Ich bin da für [eine Woche/zwei Wochen/drei Wochen].
I am here for [one week/two weeks/three weeks].

Bis später!
See you later!


OMG, Shopping: Elementary Vocabulary for Buying Stuff

Inevitably you will want to buy your mom (or yourself) something from your trip to Zurich. It’s important to know basic shopping expressions in German so that you’re not completely ripped off. If you master the following easy expressions, the salesperson might think twice about over-charging you for those Swiss chocolates!

Haben Sie Andenken?
Do you have souvenirs?

Verkaufen Sie…?
Do you sell…?

Wie viel kostet das?
How much is that?

Ich kann nur X Euro bezahlen.
I can only pay X euros.

Ich habe nur X Euro dabei.
I only have X euros with me.

Kann ich es für X Euro kaufen?
Can I buy it for X euros?

Haben Sie etwas Billigeres?
Do you have something cheaper?

Haben Sie das in einer [kleineren/größeren] Größe?
Do you have that in a [smaller/bigger] size?

Um wieviel Uhr [öffnet/schließt] das Geschäft?
What time does the shop [open/close]?

Was möchten Sie?
What would you like?

Was suchen Sie?
What are you looking for?

Darf ich mit Bargeld bezahlen?
May I pay with cash?

Darf ich mit Kreditkarte bezahlen?
May I pay with credit card?


Wining and Dining: What to Say at a Restaurant

You eat at least three times a day. Mealtime is the perfect time to show off some of your newly acquired German skills. Impress the waiter (and your new Austrian ladyfriend/boytoy) with by throwing out some simple German restaurant expressions.

Einen Tisch für [zwei/drei/vier], bitte.
A table for [two/three/four], please.

Ich habe einen Tisch reserviert.
I reserved a table.

Kann ich bitte die [Speisekarte/Weinkarte] sehen?
Can I see the [menu/wine list], please?

Ich hätte gern…
I would like…

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen X und Y?
What’s the difference between X and Y?

Mit laktosefreier Milch, bitte.  
With lactose-free milk, please.

Ist das glutenfrei?
Is that gluten-free?

Haben Sie vegetarisches Essen?
Do you have vegetarian food?

Ein Glas Wasser, bitte.
A glass of water, please.

[Mit/ohne] Sprudel, bitte.
[Sparkling/not sparkling], please.

Ein Glas Leitungswasser, bitte.
A glass of tap water, please.

Waiter! / Waitress!

Die Rechnung, bitte.
The check, please.




Zum Wohl!


Guten Appetit!
Enjoy your meal!














Noch eine, bitte!
Another one, please!

Wo ist die Toilette?
Where is the bathroom?



Darf ich eine Quittung haben, bitte?
Can I have a receipt, please?

Toto, We’re Not in Kansas Anymore: Giving and Asking for Directions in German

You’re not Magellan! Being too shy to ask for directions in your hometown might work fine. In a city like Vienna, however, you will get lost eventually. Stop checking Google Maps – the old Viennese lady won’t bite!


Entschuldigung, wo ist…?
Excuse me, where is…?

In welcher Richtung ist X?
In what direction is X?

Ist es in der Nähe?
Is it nearby?

Ist es weit weg?
Is it far away?

Wo ist der [Eingang/Ausgang]?
Where is the [entrance/exit]?

Bringen Sie mich bitte zu dieser Adresse.
Please bring me to this address.

Zum Stadtzentrum, bitte.
To the city center, please.

Zum Bahnhof, bitte.
To the train station, please.

Zum Flughafen, bitte.
To the airport, please.

Es ist da. / Da ist es.
It’s there. / There it is.

Um die Ecke
Around the corner

Nach links
To the left

Nach rechts
To the right

Straight ahead




Halten Sie bitte hier an.
Please stop here.






Missed Connections: Important Public Transportation Expressions

Unless you’re planning to spend a fortune on taxis in Düsseldorf, you may want to know some basic bus and train vocabulary. If the signs in the station are unclear—which they almost always are, right?—use the following phrases to get you to your destination.

Wo ist die Bushaltestelle?
Where is the bus stop?

Wo ist die U-Bahn?
Where is the underground train (subway/metro)?

Wie viel kostet eine Fahrkarte nach X?
How much is a ticket to X?

Fährt dieser Zug nach…?
Does this train go to…?

Wohin fährt dieser Bus?
To where does this bus go?

Darf ich bitte einen Stadtplan haben?
May I have a city map please?

Darf ich bitte einen U-Bahnplan haben?
May I have a underground train map, please?

Können Sie mir das auf der Karte zeigen?
Can you show me on the map?

Muss ich umsteigen?
Do I have to change?


Room Service Dreams: Vocabulary for Hotel Check-In and Check-Out

Though most hotels in big cities have an English-speaking staff, if you go to a remote area of Austria or Germany, you may find yourself in a small inn run by an old couple with no English skills. Just to be on the safe side, memorize the following expressions and you won’t have to sleep outdoors!

Ich habe eine Reservierung.
I have a reservation.

Haben Sie noch ein Zimmer frei?
Do you have a free room?

Können Sie mir ein anderes Hotel empfehlen?
Can you recommend another hotel?

Ich hätte gern ein Zimmer.
I would like a room.

Ich bleibe [eine Nacht/zwei Nächte/drei Nächte].
I am staying [one night/two nights/three nights].

Ist Frühstück inklusiv?
Is breakfast included?

Können Sie mich um X Uhr wecken?
Can you wake me up at X o’clock?

Room service


Single room

Air conditioning


Um wie viel Uhr muss man auschecken?
What time is check out?


Running Around Town: Important City Vocabulary

Want to send your friend a postcard from Basel? Tired of spending money at expensive restaurants in Hamburg? Need to get some cash? No matter where you are in the world, you will eventually have to run an errand. Below are a couple of places around town you might need to visit during your trip.

Wo ist die Bank?
Where is the bank?

Ist die Post im Stadtzentrum?
Is the post office in the city center?

Wo ist der beste Supermarkt?
Where is the best supermarket?

Wo ist die leckerste Bäckerei?
Where is the yummiest bakery?

Wo ist die nächste Tankstelle?
Where is the nearest gas station?

Ist der Bahnhof neben dem Fluss?
Is the train station next to the river?

Ist der Flughafen weit weg?
Is the airport far away?


Pressing the Panic Button: Emergency German Vocabulary

You will hopefully never need any of the following German phrases. Nevertheless, it’s better to be safe than sorry. Anything can happen while you travel, so memorize the following to avoid any sticky situations that may arise.


Ich brauche die Polizei.
I need the police.

Ich habe [meine Tasche/mein Portemonnaie] verloren.
I’ve lost [my bag/my wallet].

Jemand hat meine Tasche genommen.
Someone took my bag.

Wo ist das Krankenhaus?
Where is the hospital?

Wo ist die Apotheke?
Where is the pharmacy?

Ich bin krank geworden.
I got sick.

Haben Sie Aspirin?
Do you have aspirin?

Lassen Sie mich in Ruhe.
Leave me alone.

Fassen Sie mich nicht an!
Don’t touch me!

Es ist ein Notfall.
It’s an emergency.

Ich habe mich verlaufen.
I got lost.

Wie komme ich zum [amerikanischen/kanadischen/australischen/britischen] Konsulaten?
How do I get to the [American/Canadian/Australian/British] consulate?

Just in Case: Saying You Don’t Understand 

If you do your homework, you may find that you may not need the following expressions. However, if you want to be on the safe side, here are some useful expressions for when that Swiss man starts going off in rapid German.

Ich verstehe nicht.
I don’t understand.

Können Sie das bitte wiederholen?
Can you repeat that please?

Sprechen Sie Englisch?
Do you speak English?

Ich spreche nur ein wenig Deutsch.
I only speak a little German.

Können Sie das übersetzen?
Can you translate that please?

Wow! That felt like a lot of phrases. If you are still new to German language learning, you may be feeling a bit overwhelmed – this list does present you with lots of vocabulary. However, once you get a grasp of basic German grammar and vocabulary, it should be no problem at all to commit these phrases to memory. Try practicing some of these phrases out loud to get your pronunciation right before leaving on your travels. If you’re a total procrastinator, take this list with you to practice on the plane. Before we part ways, there’s one final travel phrase you need to know:

Gute Reise! Have a good trip!


And One More Thing…

If you really want to prepare for a German-language travel situation, you’ll want to do more than memorize words and phrases.

You’ll want to see those words and phrases in action, and that’s where FluentU comes in.

FluentU takes great videos and turns them into language learning experiences so that you can learn real German as people really speak it:

Watching a fun video, but having trouble understanding it? FluentU brings native videos within reach with interactive transcripts.

You can tap on any word to look it up instantly. Every definition has examples that have been written to help you understand how the word is used. If you see an interesting word you don’t know, you can add it to a vocab list.

And FluentU isn’t just for watching videos. It’s a complete platform for learning. It’s designed to effectively teach you all the vocabulary from any video, so you can continue to learn new useful German words and phrases while hearing exactly how people actually use them. Swipe left or right to see more examples of the word you’re on.

The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the vocabulary that you’re learning, and it recommends you examples and videos based on the words you’ve already learned. This is a level of personalization that hasn’t been done before.

Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store.

If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn German with real-world videos.

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Good German essay phrases

Phrases which are useful in structuring an essay eg: IB Paper 2
Einleitend muss man sagen...
By way of introduction one must to say...
Man muss ... in Betracht ziehen
One needs to take ... into consideration
Ein wichtiger Aspekt von X ist ...
An important aspect of X is ...
Man muss erwähnen, dass...
One must mention that ...
Dieses Beispiel illustriert ...
Diese Szene zeigt, dass...
Dieses Ereignis macht klar , dass ...
this event makes it clear that
Der Regisseur betont, dass...
the director stresses that ...
Die Hauptfigur verdeutlicht ...
the main character clarifies ...
the most important thing is
genauso wichtig wie dies ist .....
just as important as this is ...
aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nach
Es scheint also, dass ...
Zusammenfassend kann man sagen
In conclusion one can say ..

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